Food, Clothes and Shelter are the basic human needs. Those who produce foods are called the farmers. Farmers play a vital role in the economy of this Nation. But, we never try to pay honour to them rather than involving them into politics. India celebrates Nationals Farmer’s Day every year on 23rd of December to pay honor to the great work done by the farmers of our country. But we’re not aware of it, when we never forget to celebrate Valentine’s Day, Hug Day, Kiss Day, etc. etc.
Popularly known as Kisan Diwas, the National Farmers’ Day is a national occasion observed on 23rd December every year. National Farmer’s Day is celebrated in the honor of the former Prime Minister of India Chaudhary Charan Singh. National Farmers’ Day is celebrated across the nation with great enthusiasm and interest. On this day, several debates, events, seminars, functions and competitions around agriculture are organized to celebrate the event.
History of National Farmers’ Day (Kisan Diwas – Choudhary Charan Singh Jayanti)
National Farmers Day or Kisan Diwas is celebrated in the honor of Chaudhary Charan Singh who was the fifth Prime Minister of India. He served the country as Prime Minister for a very short tenure starting from 28th of July 1979 till 14thJanuary 1980. He was a very simple-minded man and led an extremely simple life. During his tenure as the Prime Minister, he introduced many policies to improve the life of Indian farmers.
The magnetic personality of Chaudhary Charan Singh and various beneficial policies in the favor of farmers united all the farmers of India against the landlords and moneylenders. He followed the famous slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ given by the 2nd Prime Minister of India. Chaudhary Charan Singh was also a very successful writer and wrote down several books depicting his thoughts on farmers and their problems; he even came out with various solutions to improve the lives of farmers.
Chaudhary Charan belonged to the farmer’s family and thus he led an extremely simple life despite being the honorable Prime Minister of India. India is primarily the land of villages and majority of the population living in villages are farmers and agriculture is the main source of income for them. 70% of the Indian population still today thrives on the income generated through cultivation. India witnesses an interesting farming journey.
The green revolution during the 60s evolved in Punjab and Haryana transformed the agricultural picture of the country. This increased the productivity and thus India became self-sufficient in various agro-commodities.
Farmers are the spine of India. The nation of lands, India celebrates Nationals Farmer’s Day every year on 23rd of December to pay honor to the great work done by the farmers of our country.
Facts about the Kisan Leader – Choudhary Charan Singh
Chaudhary Charan Singh was the Jat icon and belonged to a peasant family. This was the reason he could relate himself with the issues of the farmers and therefore, he did the best to support them. When he became the Prime Minister of India in July 1979 he made many changes to improve the lives of the farmers. This is also an interesting fact that as the Prime Minister of India, Chaudhary Charan Singh never visited the Lok Sabha. He also served as the Deputy Prime Minister during the reign of Morarji Desai.
He introduced Budget 1979 which was designed to accomplish the needs of the farmers in all respects. It had several policies in favor of Indian farmers. These initiatives of the great Kisan leader boost the confidence of all the farmers and gave them strength to stand together against the landlords and moneylenders. The Agricultural Produce was the famous Market Bill introduced by Chaudhary Charan Singh in the Assembly. The Bill was meant to safeguard the wellbeing of the farmers against the greediness of the dealers and the landlords. The Zamindari Abolition Act was also introduced and enforced by him.
The famous “Kishan Ghat” in New Delhi is dedicated to Chaudhary Charan Singh due to his involvement with the causes related to farmer’s communities in the North. He was an avid writer too and wrote down his thoughts on farmers and problems related to them along with the solutions. Chaudhary Charan Singh died on 29 May 1987.